Extinction of Birds in India

A number of birds are on the verge of extinction in the country. As per the report of the scientific institutions like Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai and Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, the IUCN Red List version 2010.1 indicates 14 Critically Endangered species of birds from India. The details of the bird species reported from India which are listed as Critically Endangered are at Annexure.

 The important steps taken for protecting the endangered birds of India are given below:

 (i)                 Rare and endangered birds are included in Schedule-I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 thereby according them highest degree of protection.

 (ii)                  Stringent punishments have been provided for in the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for violation of the provisions of the Act.

 (iii)                Important habitats of birds, including endangered and migratory birds have been notified as Protected Areas under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for better conservation and the protection of birds and their habitats.

 (iv)             Financial & technical assistance is provided to the State/Union Territory Governments for protection and management of the Protected Areas.

 (v)               The State/Union Territory Governments have been requested to strengthen the field formations and intensify patrolling in and around the protected areas.

(vi)                Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been established for control of illegal trade in wildlife, including endangered species of birds, and their parts and products.

 (vii)                 India is signatory to all major international conventions relating to conservation and management of wildlife, including endangered species of birds. These are Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance.

 (viii)            The Sub-committee constituted under National Board for Wildlife, has developed Guidelines for Threatened Species Recovery Plan and has also identified Great Indian Bustard, Jerdon’s Courser and Nicobar Megapode as threatened bird species, for conservation and better management of their habitats on priority basis.

 (ix)                Research and monitoring activities on birds are promoted by the Government through reputed research organizations. Wildlife Institute of India, Bombay Natural History Society and Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History are some of the research organizations engaged in research for conservation of birds.

Details of bird species reported from India which are listed as Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List version 2010.1

 

S. No.

Common Name

Scientific Name

Family

Status

1

White-rumped Vulture

Gyps bengalensis

Accipitridae

CR

2

Indian Vulture

Gyps indicus

Accipitridae

CR

3

Slender-billed Vulture

Gyps tenuirostris

Accipitridae

CR

4

Red-headed Vulture

Sarcogyps calvus

Accipitridae

CR

5

Pink-headed Duck

Rhodonessa caryophyllacea

Anatidae

CR

6

White-bellied Heron

Ardea insignis

Ardeidae

CR

7

Sociable Lapwing

Vanellus gregarius

Charadriidae

CR

8

Christmas Frigatebird

Fregata andrewsi

Fregatidae

CR

9

Jerdon’s Courser

Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

Glareolidae

CR

10

Siberian Crane

Grus leucogeranus

Gruidae

CR

11

Bengal Florican

Houbaropsis bengalensis

Otididae

CR

12

Himalayan Quail

Ophrysia superciliosa

Phasianidae

CR

13

Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

Scolopacidae

CR

14

Forest Owlet

Heteroglaux blewitti

Strigidae

CR

 

CR: Critically Endangered.

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (I/C)SmtJayanthi  Natarajan in a written reply to a question By Shri Kanwar Deep Singh in Rajya Sabha.

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